Eastern Air Lines, also colloquially known as Eastern, was a major American airline from 1926 to 1991. The airline charged between 50 cents and $3 for beverages and snacks. Eastern bought the Lockheed L-1011 TriStar and Airbus A300 widebody jets; the former would become known in the Caribbean as El Grandote (the huge one). [23], Ultimately, Easten Airlines stopped flying at midnight on Saturday, January 19, 1991. Eastern is back in business at Miami International Airport. During this era, Eastern's fleet was split between their "silver-colored hockey stick" livery (the lack of paint reduced weight by 100 pounds) and their "white-colored hockey stick" livery (on its Airbus-manufactured planes, the metallurgy of which required paint to cover the aircraft's composite skin panels). It had a near monopoly in air travel between New York and Florida from the 1930s until the 1950s and dominated this market for decades afterward. In 1975, Eastern was headquartered at 10 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City. [citation needed] That same year, George Berry, the Georgia Industry and Trade Commissioner, asked Eastern to consider moving its headquarters from Miami to Atlanta. Unable to keep up, Borman agreed to the sale of the airline in 1986 to Texas Air. Eastern Air Lines war eine amerikanische Fluggesellschaft, die Ende 2011 gegründet wurde und von Mai 2015 bis September 2017 flog. Services from San Juan, Puerto Rico's Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport were expanded. 19 December 1936: A Douglas DC-2-112 (NC13732) struck trees and crashed near Milford, Connecticut due to pilot error and radio problems; all 11 on board survived. Eastern tried to remain in business in an attempt to correct its cash flow, but to no avail. MIAMI – Southwest Airlines is in business at Miami International Airport.. On Monday, the company celebrated its service out of MIA with a ceremony. of Transportation as the first step in launching the new Eastern Air Lines", https://edition.cnn.com/travel/article/eastern-airlines-returns/index.html, Eastern Air Lines - Eastern Air Transport - Pitcairn Aviation, Aviation Safety Network list of Eastern Air Lines accidents from 1943 to 1990, Eastern Airlines Indicted in Scheme Over Maintenance, SHUGRUE RECOUNTS EASTERN'S FINAL DAYS SAYS FINAL NAIL WAS DECEMBER'S DISMAL SHOWING, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eastern_Air_Lines&oldid=1000214651, Companies based in Miami-Dade County, Florida, Companies that filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 1989, American companies disestablished in 1991, Articles with dead external links from August 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 3 February 1969: Flight 7 was hijacked to Cuba. [2] Frank Lorenzo acquired Eastern in 1985 and moved many of its assets to his other airlines, including Continental Airlines and Texas Air. The number one propeller to hit the water, causing portions of the engine and cowling to break off. '[8] Rickenbacker's ouster was largely due to his reluctance to acquire expensive jets as he underestimated their appeal to the public. Airlines serving Miami MIA Airport with direct and connecting service Airline Directory; Airport Security; Cities Served by Region; Connecting Flights; Departures; Expedited Security; Flight Arrivals & Departures (real time) Flight Planner; Flight Tracker ; International Arrivals; Passenger Info. Miami International Airport: Leitung: James Tolzien Flottenstärke: 4 (+ 27 Bestellungen) Ziele: international Eastern Air Lines hat den Betrieb 2017 eingestellt. Eastern’s headquarters has returned to Miami after 23 years.” Miami-Dade County Airport Director Emilio Gonzalez spoke next stating, “Our 100 airlines at Miami become 101 with the return of Eastern.” He presented Eastern President and CEO Edward Wegel with a picture depicting Eastern aircraft at Miami International Airport in 1948. It remained the official airline of Walt Disney World and sponsored a ride at the Magic Kingdom park (If You Had Wings in Tomorrowland where Buzz Lightyear's Space Ranger Spin is currently located) until its contracting route network forced Disney to switch to Delta shortly before Eastern's 1989 bankruptcy filing. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, during the deregulation, labor disputes and high debt loads strained the company under the leadership of former astronaut Frank Borman. Eastern had been the No. [citation needed], In 1989, Lorenzo sold Eastern Air Lines Shuttle to real estate mogul Donald Trump (who named it the Trump Shuttle) while selling other parts of Eastern to his Texas Air holding company and its subsidiary, Continental Airlines, at terms disadvantageous to Eastern. On February 1, 1964, Eastern was the first airline to fly the 727. Miami International Airport will be added to the established list of U.S. airports approved by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to receive flights from the Schengen area of 26 European countries, as classified by a presidential proclamation that suspends and limits entry to the U.S. effective at 11:59 p.m. on March 13. Initially 95-seat Lockheed Constellation 1049s and 1049Cs left New York-LaGuardia every two hours, 8 am to 10 pm, to Washington National and to Boston. [20], During Lorenzo's tenure, Eastern was crippled by severe labor unrest. Asked to accept deep cuts in pay and benefits, on March 4, 1989, Lorenzo locked out Eastern's mechanics and ramp service employees, represented by the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers (IAM). These airlines connect Miami exclusively to international destinations and only Eastern Airlines offers both domestic and international flights. Before its dissolution, it was headquartered at Miami International Airport in an unincorporated area of Miami-Dade County, Florida. 10 March 1957: A Martin 4-0-4 (N453A) crashed on landing at Standiford Field due to pilot error; all 34 on board survived. Associates. 7 September 1945: Flight 42, a Douglas DC-3-201G (NC33631), crashed near Florence, South Carolina following an unexplained fire in the rear of the aircraft. [24] The Eastern shutdown eliminated many airline industry jobs in the Miami and New York City areas.[25]. In 1980, a Caribbean hub was started at Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport (known at the time as "Isla Verde International Airport") near San Juan, Puerto Rico. Borman felt that its low cost of operation would make it an invaluable asset to the airline in the years to come. Check on Eastern Airlines flight status and make your reservations with Expedia. The new Eastern Air Lines operated from Building 5A at Miami International Airport. Eastern Airlines to Begin Service Between New York and Guayaquil. [19], In 1988, Phil Bakes, the president of Eastern Air Lines, announced plans to lay off 4,000 employees and eliminate and reduce service to airports in the Western United States; he said that the airline was going "back to our roots" in the East. Eastern Airlines, LLC is a U.S. airline founded in 2010. Eastern Air Lines war eine US-amerikanische Fluggesellschaft mit Sitz in Miami, die am 18. Die kursiv gesetzten Angaben beziehen sich auf den letzten Stand vor Einstellung des Betriebes. The C-47 landed safely at Philips Army Air Field while the C-54 diverted to Washington. [32], Eastern also worked closely with another Caribbean-based airline, Caribair (Puerto Rico). All 13 on board, including the crew of 3, survived with only the Captain. LIAT, a Caribbean-based airline, also operated Eastern Partner service. In order to check in for your flight at Miami Airport (MIA), go to the terminal where your flight departs from, or follow the instructions provided in your ticket. In 1967, Eastern purchased Mackey Airlines, a small air carrier primarily operating in Florida and the Bahamas as part of this expansion. The airline suffered numerous hijackings in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. - IATA Code: 2D Eastern began losing money as it faced competition from no-frills airlines, such as People Express, which offered lower fares. First aircraft to begin operations as Eastern Air Transport Inc. See How Much Better An Airline Can Be (1963-late 1960s), We want everyone to fly (1967-late 1960s), We earn our wings every day (early 1970s-mid-1980s), We Have To Earn Our Wings Every Day (1980-mid-1980s), America's Favorite way to Fly (Spanish variant: "Su forma favorita de volar"), The second largest airline in the free world, Sunaire (Aviation Associates), a division of. The holds of the aircraft were reserved for cargo such as express mail, machine tool parts, and textiles. Bunny Duck, an Eastern flight attendant quoted in The New York Times, said that the passengers on the special flights were "a cross section of families, college kids, illegal aliens and weirdos from L.A.".[17]. Several regional and commuter airlines provided passenger feed for Eastern via code sharing agreements with their aircraft liveries reflecting the Eastern mainline paint scheme. Rickenbacker pushed Eastern into a period of growth and innovation; for a time Eastern was the most profitable airline in the post-war era, never needing state subsidy. Eastern Air Lines, also colloquially known as Eastern, was a major American airline from 1926 to 1991. A new management team headed by Floyd D. Hall took over on 16 December 1963, and Rickenbacker left his position as Director and Chairman of the Board on December 31, 1963, aged 73. Airline : Code : Country: Counter Location : … Captain Boddy had more than 12,000 hours of total flying experience, although he was … All 15 on board survived. December 21, 1955: A Lockheed L-749A Constellation (N112A) crashed on approach to Jacksonville's Imeson Airport arriving from Miami, with further scheduled stops at Washington, DC, New York and Boston. Parents' Magazine, 16, 40. International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers, List of defunct airlines of the United States, "1991 - January 1 - Eastern Airlines Timetables, Route Maps, and History", "1982 - August 1 - Eastern Airlines Timetables, Route Maps, and History", OVERNIGHT FLIGHT - BARGAIN FOR SPONTANEOUS FLYERS, Record $24.2 million fine proposed for American Airlines, Cuts by Eastern Shaking Miami In Many Ways, Stock market pulls out of dive Series: Business Digest, "Eastern Airlines Is Shutting Down And Plans to Liquidate Its Assets", "British Aerospace Jetstream 31 - Large Preview - AirTeamImages.com", http://www.airtimes.com/cgat/ag/liat/2a/easternpartner, http://www.airwaysnews.com/html/timetables-and-route-maps/caribbean-airlines-timetables-route-maps-and-history, ASN Aircraft accident Douglas DC-3-201C NC25647 Florence, SC, "The crash of Eastern Flight 642: 50 years later - Jacksonville.com", "IN RE N-500L CASES | 517 F.Supp. https://www.airport-mia.com/miami-airlines/eastern-airlines The aircraft was leased from North American Aviation. Eastern Air Lines flew many different types of aircraft throughout its history. The C-54 co-pilot saw the lights of an aircraft close and to the left of the C-54, which turned out to be the C-47. MIAMI – For the second month in a row, Miami International Airport (MIA) saw a trio of airlines bring back service to South Florida. After being purchased by General Motors and experiencing a change in leadership after the Airmail Act of 1934, the airline became known as Eastern Air Lines.[6]. In February 1987, the Federal Aviation Administration imposed a $9.5 million fine against Eastern Air Lines for safety violations,[18] which was the largest fine assessed against an airline until American Airlines was fined $24.2 million in 2010. The IATA and ICAO codes of the original airline, as well as its callsign, are now used by the new iteration of Eastern Air Lines. First and only turboprop aircraft flown by Eastern Air Lines in mainline operation. In the late 1920s, Pitcairn Aviation won a contract to fly mail between New York City and Atlanta, Georgia on Mailwing single-engine aircraft. The June 13, 1967 Eastern system timetable lists connecting flights operated by Caribair Convair 640 turboprops with service between Eastern's San Juan hub and St. Croix and St. However, TeMXtra Airways, a charter airline based in Coral Gables, ceased operations in August 2018, along with PAWA Dominicana, the international flag carrier of the Dominican Republic that stopped its MIA service in January 2018. Eastern also operated charters to the Caribbean and Latin America (Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Costa Rica, Panama, Guyana, Haiti). National used a terminal on the opposite side of LeJeune Road from the airport, and would stop traffic on the road in order to taxi aircraft to and from its terminal. At that time, Eastern was paying over $700,000 in interest each day before they sold a ticket, fueled, or boarded a single aircraft. The RB211 programme might easily have foundered in 1971 if it had not been for the steadfast support of Eastern Airlines, one of the major launch customers for the Lockheed TriStars. The plane struck a tree upon landing in a field just a few miles from the airport. 18 October 1938: A Douglas DC-2-112 (NC13735) had engine failure while taking off from Montgomery, Alabama. Number of individual aircraft operated in parentheses. The complex deal was concluded when Rickenbacker presented Alfred P. Sloan with a certified check for US$3,500,000 (equivalent to $63,570,000 in 2019). More will come as international travel restrictions ease, spokesman Greg Chin said. [30], Eastern Metro Express was operated by Metro Airlines and was based at Eastern's Atlanta (ATL) hub operating British Aerospace BAe Jetstream 31 and de Havilland Canada DHC-8-100 Dash 8 turboprops. On April 30, 1961, Eastern inaugurated Eastern Air Lines Shuttle. 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